Išplėstinė paieška
Pradžia>Ekonomika>Transport economics in Lithuania
naudingas 0 / nenaudingas 0

Transport economics in Lithuania


Darbas anglų kalba. Transporto ekonomika Lietuvoje. Introduction. Macroeconomics and microeconomics theory application in transport sector. Demand and supply. Road transport companies’ economics. The essence of road transport production. Competitiveness of transportation services. Railway transport economics. Railway transport maintenance expenses. Water transport economics. sea transport expenses elements. Transportation expenses conception. Sea transport organizing and load owner’s expenses. Multimodal transportation. Sea transport productivity. Repairs and technical service. Port duty. Distinguishing features of the air transport. Air transport expenses and revenue. Maintenance expenses.



Upon creation of material values and rational location of the population’s communicational needs an important role fells on transport. It is necessary for implementation of transportation between companies, regions, and countries. The Government considers transport development to be the priority branch, which requires effort, tremendous investment and time.
The first step towards the above-identified direction is integration of Lithuanian transport into common European transport system.


Each branch of transport can be divided into two subdivisions:
1) Infrastructure and its management, care and maintenance divisions;
2) Division related to services provided by various transports means.
Due to huge fixed expenses the transport infrastructure is of purely monolithic nature and its activity can no way be regulated via competition created on the basis of the market economy principles. Government has to regulate the optimal distribution of the resources. Yet experts consider the services provided by road and air transport to be differentiated activity, as the general system of the services may be divided into independent industrial units. Railway transport services may also be considered a differentiated activity, which is regulated in its own way.
The difference between the revenue of the two transport sectors according to the differentiation of the industrial activity may be described this way:
• An increasing average service price is typical of transport infrastructure sector;
Accordingly, from the point of view of transport companies, which exploit this sector, the optimal management of the economy will be detrimental. Therefore, sales price, i.e. infrastructure usage tariff, which in an optimal situation should be equal to the marginal price, turns out to be lower than the average price.
• There’s no increase in the average profitableness in the sector of transport services provision, with an exception of some non-differentiated railway services, where the revenue is calculated in a way, which is different from revenue calculation in the infrastructure of other transport branches.
• The decrease of marginal profitableness is characteristic of transport infrastructures sector, but the increase of marginal profitableness is detected in the railway transport infrastructure.

Demand and supply

The demand of transport depends on development of the industry, economy and other economy branches as well as the growth of the population. Unfortunately, it is not enough to estimate the above enumerated only in the terms of macroeconomics, as this kind of transport investment, like for the development of auto roads, railways, ports and airports are fixed set localities, which can not be transferred to other districts. So, it is necessary to estimate not only the pure future industry, but also the whole-specified localities.
The relation between industry, consumption and transport depends on the tariffs that are assigned for transport. Actually, changes of tariffs make less influence on valuable goods transportation as on transportation of goods, which are off less value, as transportation expenses for valuable goods make a less proportion of the final product delivery price. ...

Rašto darbo duomenys
Tinklalapyje paskelbta2005-11-09
DalykasEkonomikos referatas
Apimtis17 puslapių 
Literatūros šaltiniai0
KalbaAnglų kalba
Dydis15.95 KB
Viso autoriaus darbų20 darbų
Metai2005 m
Švietimo institucijaVilniaus kooperacijos kolegija, VšĮ
Failo pavadinimasMicrosoft Word Transport economics in Lithuania [speros.lt].doc

Panašūs darbai




[El. paštas nebus skelbiamas]

  • Referatai
  • 17 puslapių 
  • Vilniaus kooperacijos kolegija, VšĮ
  • 2005 m
Ar šis darbas buvo naudingas?
Pasidalink su draugais
Pranešk apie klaidą